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A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume I by De Morgan

Sheepshanks admitted this second charge

[629] Richard Sheepshanks (1794-1855) was a brother of John Sheepshanks the benefactor of art. (See note 314, p. 147.) He was a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, a fellow of the Royal Society and secretary of the Astronomical Society. Babbage (See note 469, p. 207) suspected him of advising against the government support of his calculating machine and attacked him severely in his _Exposition of 1851_, in the chapter on _The Intrigues of Science_. Babbage also showed that Sheepshanks got an astronomical instrument of French make through the custom house by having Troughton's (See note 332, page 152) name engraved on it. Sheepshanks admitted this second charge, but wrote a _Letter in Reply to the Calumnies of Mr. Babbage_, which was published in 1854. He had a highly controversial nature.

[630] See note 469, page 207. The work referred to is _Passages from the Life of a Philosopher_, London, 1864.

[631] Drinkwater Bethune. See note 165, page 99.

[632] Simeon-Denis Poisson (1781-1840) was professor of calculus and mechanics at the Ecole polytechnique. He was made a baron by Napoleon, and was raised to the peerage in 1837. His chief works are the _Traite de mecanique_ (1811) and the _Traite mathematique de la chaleur_ (1835).

[633] "As to M. Poisson, I really wish I had a thousandth part of his mathematical knowledge that I might prove my system to the incredulous."

[634] This list includes most of the works of Antoine-Louis-Guenard Demonville. There was also the _Nouveau systeme du monde ... et hypotheses conformes aux experiences sur les vents, sur la lumiere et sur le fluide electro-magnetique_, Paris, 1830.

[635] Paris, 1835.

[636] Paris, 1833.

[637] The second part appeared in 1837. There were also editions in 1850 and 1852, and one edition appeared without date.

[638] Paris, 1842.

[639] Parsey also wrote _The Art of Miniature Painting on Ivory_ (1831), _Perspective Rectified_ (1836), and _The Science of Vision_ (1840), the third being a revision of the second.

[640] William Ritchie (1790-1837) was a physicist who had studied at Paris under Biot and Gay-Lussac. He contributed several papers on electricity, heat, and elasticity, and was looked upon as a good experimenter. Besides the geometry he wrote the _Principles of the Differential and Integral Calculus_ (1836).

[641] Alfred Day (1810-1849) was a man who was about fifty years ahead of his time in his attempt to get at the logical foundations of geometry. It is true that he laid himself open to criticism, but his work was by no means bad. He also wrote _A Treatise on Harmony_ (1849, second edition 1885), _The Rotation of the Pendulum_ (1851), and several works on Greek and Latin Grammar.

[642] Walter Forman wrote a number of controversial tracts. His first seems to have been _A plan for improving the Revenue without adding to the burdens of the people_, a letter to Canning in 1813. He also wrote _A New Theory of the Tides_ (1822). His _Letter to Lord John Russell, on Lord Brougham's most extraordinary conduct; and another to Sir J. Herschel, on the application of Kepler's third law_ appeared in 1832.

[643] Lord John Russell (1792-1878) first Earl Russell, was one of the strongest supporters of the reform measures of the early Victorian period. He became prime minister in 1847, and again in 1865.

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