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The Forest of Dean by H. G. Nicholls

Giraldus Flaxley Abbey founded King John at Flaxley and St


Capital in Staunton Church 99 Ancient Font in Staunton Church 100 Interior of the Debtors' Prison in St Briavel's Castle 114 Court Room in St Briavel's Castle 115 Holy Trinity Church and Schools, Harry Hill 162 Christ Church, Berry Hill 166 St Paul's Church, Park End 169 St John's Church and Schools, Cinderford 171 Lydbrook Church and Schools 173 Stone Coffin-lids at Flaxley Abbey 180 The Refectory of Flaxley Abbey 181 Open Timber Roof of the Abbot's Room at Flaxley Abbey 181 St Anthony's Well 182 The original Chapel at Flaxley, as it appeared in 1712 189 Flaxley Church, and Abbey in the distance 190 The Tomb of John de Yrall, Forester in Fee, in Newland 200 Churchyard The King's Bowbearer, from an ancient Tomb in Newland 201 Churchyard "Jack of the Yat," supposed to be the oldest oak in the 207 Forest The "Newland Oak" 208 An Oak, near York Lodge 209 The Devil's Chapel, in the Scowles, near Bream 213 "King Arthur's Hall," on the "Great Doward" 215 Effigy of a Forest Free Miner, reduced from a brass of 217 the fifteenth century in Newland Church Leather Sole of a Shoe, found in the old workings 218 Iron Mattock-head, 9 inches long, found in the old 218 workings Oak Shovel, 30 inches long, found in the old workings 218 Light Moor Colliery 241 General View of the Centre of the Forest, from the top of 244 Ruardean Hill Geological Map of the Forest 245 Vertical Section of the Plump Hill, according to Mr 248 White's diagram Forest of Dean _to face page_ 15 General Map of the Forest of Dean _at the end_

CHAPTER I. A.D. 1307-1612.

Origin of the name "Dean"?--The "Buck Stone," and other Druidical remains--"The Scowles," &c., and other ancient iron-mines, worked in the time of the Romans--Symmond's Yat, and other military earthworks--Domesday Book, and investment of this Forest in the Crown--William I., and probable date of Free Miners' Franchise--Castle of St. Briavel's first built; Giraldus--Flaxley Abbey founded--King John at Flaxley and St. Briavel's--The constables of St. Briavel's and wardens of the Forest--Date of the ruins of St. Briavel's Castle--Iron forges licensed by Henry III.--Perambulation of 1282, and first "Justice seat"--Seventy-two "itinerant forges" in the Forest--Date of Miners' laws and privileges--Perambulation of 1302--Edward I., grants in the Forest--Newland Church founded--Free miners summoned to the sieges of Berwick, &c.--Edward II., grants in the Forest--Edward III., ditto--Richard II., ditto--Henry IV., ditto--Henry V., ditto--Henry VI., ditto--Severn barges stopped by Foresters--Edward IV., and retreat hither of the Earl Rivers and Sir J. Woodville--Edward VI. farmed the Forest to Sir A. Kingston--Design of the Spaniards to destroy the Forest--Papers from Sir J. Caesar's collection, viz. Sir J. Winter's negotiations relative to the iron-works, &c.--Blast furnaces erected.


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