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Fort Duquesne and Fort Pitt

[Illustration]

[Illustration: BLOCK HOUSE OF FORT PITT. BUILT 1764.]

FORT DUQUESNE

AND

FORT PITT

EARLY NAMES OF PITTSBURGH STREETS

SIXTH EDITION

PUBLISHED BY

FORT PITT SOCIETY

DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

OF

ALLEGHENY COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA

REED & WITTING CO., PRESS 1921

_This little sketch of Fort Duquesne and Fort Pitt is compiled from extracts taken mainly from Parkman's Histories; The Olden Time, by Neville B. Craig; Fort Pitt, by Mrs. Wm. Darlington; Pioneer History, by S. P. Hildreth, etc._

_Pittsburgh_ _September, 1898._

CHRONOLOGY

=1753=--The French begin to build a chain of forts to enforce their boundaries.

=December 11, 1753.=--Washington visits Fort Le Boeuf.

=January, 1754.=--Washington lands on Wainwright's Island in the Allegheny river.--Recommends that a Fort be built at the "Forks of the Ohio."

=February 17, 1754.=--A fort begun at the "Forks of the Ohio" by Capt. William Trent.

=April 16, 1754.=--Ensign Ward, with thirty-three men, surprised here by the French, and surrenders.

=June, 1754.=--Fort Duquesne completed.

=May 28, 1754.=--Washington attacks Coulon de Jumonville at Great Meadows.

=July 9, 1755.=--Braddock's defeat.

=April, 1758.=--Brig. Gen. John Forbes takes command.

=August, 1758.=--Fort Bedford built.

=October, 1758.=--Fort Ligonier built.

=November 24, 1758.=--Fort Duquesne destroyed by the retreating French.

=November 25, 1758.=--Gen. Forbes takes possession.

=August, 1759.=--Fort Pitt begun by Gen. John Stanwix.

=May, 1763.=--Conspiracy of Pontiac.

=July, 1763.=--Fort Pitt besieged by Indians.

=1764.=--Col. Henry Bouquet builds the Redoubt.

=October 10, 1772.=--Fort Pitt abandoned by the British.

=January, 1774.=--Dr. James Connelly occupies Fort Pitt with Virginia militia, and changes name to Fort Dunmore.

=July, 1776.=--Indian conference at Fort Pitt.--Pontiac and Guyasuta.

=June 1, 1777.=--Brig. Gen. Hand takes command of the fort.

=1778.=--Gen. McIntosh succeeds Hand.

=November, 1781.=--Gen. William Irvine takes command.

=May 19, 1791.=--Maj. Isaac Craig reports Fort Pitt in a ruinous condition.--Builds Fort Lafayette.

=September 4, 1805.=--The historic site purchased by Gen. James O'Hara.


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