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The Foundations of the Origin of Species by Darwin

THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS

London: FETTER LANE, E.C.

C. F. CLAY, MANAGER

{Illustration}

Edinburgh: 100, PRINCES STREET

ALSO

London: H. K. LEWIS, 136, GOWER STREET, W.C.

Berlin: A. ASHER AND CO.

Leipzig: F. A. BROCKHAUS

New York: G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

Bombay and Calcutta: MACMILLAN AND Co., LTD.

_All rights reserved_

{Illustration: Charles Darwin from a photograph by Maull & Fox in 1854}

THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES

TWO ESSAYS WRITTEN IN 1842 AND 1844

by

CHARLES DARWIN

Edited by his son

FRANCIS DARWIN

Honorary Fellow of Christ's College

Cambridge:

at the University Press

1909

Astronomers might formerly have said that God ordered each planet to move in its particular destiny. In same manner God orders each animal created with certain form in certain country. But how much more simple and sublime power,--let attraction act according to certain law, such are inevitable consequences,--let animal(s) be created, then by the fixed laws of generation, such will be their successors.

From DARWIN'S _Note Book_, 1837, p. 101.

TO THE MASTER AND FELLOWS OF CHRIST'S COLLEGE, THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED BY THE EDITOR IN TOKEN OF RESPECT AND GRATITUDE

CONTENTS

ESSAY OF 1842 PAGES

INTRODUCTION xi

PART I

Sec. i. On variation under domestication, and on the principles of selection 1

Sec. ii. On variation in a state of nature and on the natural means of selection 4

Sec. iii. On variation in instincts and other mental attributes 17

PART II

Sec.Sec. iv. and v. On the evidence from Geology. (The reasons for combining the two sections are given in the Introduction) 22

Sec. vi. Geographical distribution 29

Sec. vii. Affinities and classification 35


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