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A History of England Principally in the Seventeent

1624 25 'In contemplation of H


[440]

Valaresso, April 26. 'La persona merita male perche certo fu d'affetto Spagnola.' He accuses him of a 'Somma scarsezza di pagare.' Chamberlain says of him at his appearance on the scene October 1621: 'whom the King, in his piercing judgment, finds best able to do him service.'

[441] Robert Philips to Buckingham, August 9, 1624. 'You have to your perpetual glory already dissolved and broken the Spanish party.'

[442] 'Not to attempt any act of hostility upon any of the lawful dominions or possessions of the king of spain or the Archiduchess.' He then at any rate supposed certain cases in which this might take place. Hardwicke Papers i. 548.

[443] Escrit particulier: 'qu'il permettra a tous ses subjects Catholiques Romains de jouir de plus de liberte et franchise en ce qui regarde leur religion qu'ils n'eussent fait en vertu d'articles quelconques accordes par le traite de mariage fait avec l'Espagne, ne voulant que ses subjects Catholiques puissent estre inquietes en leurs personnes et biens pour faire profession de la dite religion et vivre en Catholiques pourvu toutesfois qu'ils en usent modestement, et rendent l'obeissance que de bons et vrays subjects doivent a leur roy, qu'il par sa bonte ne les restreindra pas a aucun sentiment contraire a leur religion.' Hardwicke Papers i. 546. The English ambassadors complain that the word 'liberte' had been inserted by the French without

first informing them.

[444] Conway to Carlisle, Feb. 24, 1624-25: 'In contemplation of H. Majesty the king of Denmark hath come to the propositions--upon which H. M. upon good grounds hath made dispatche to the king of Denmark agreeing to the kings of Denmarks propositions.' Hardwicke Papers i. 560.

[445] Valaresso: 'Non e possibile di rimoverlo di contravenire alle tante promesse verso Spagnoli et alle sue prime dichiarationi.'

CHAPTER VI.

BEGINNING OF THE REIGN OF CHARLES I, AND HIS FIRST AND SECOND PARLIAMENT.

The prince who now ascended the throne was in the bloom of life: he had just completed his twenty-fifth year. He had been weak and delicate in childhood: among the defects from which he suffered was that of stammering, which he did not get over throughout life; but he had grown up stronger in other ways than had been expected. He looked well on horseback: men saw him govern with safety horses that were hard to manage: he was expert in knightly exercises: he was a good shot with the cross-bow, as well as with the gun, and even learned how to load a cannon. He was hardly less unweariedly devoted to the chase than his father. He could not vie with him in intelligence and knowledge, nor with his deceased brother Henry in vivacious energy and in popularity of disposition; but he had learnt much from his father, at whose feet he loved to sit; and his brother's tastes for the arts and for the experimental sciences, especially the former, had passed to him. In moral qualities he was superior to both. He was one of those young men of whom it is said that they have no fault. His strict propriety


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