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History of the English People, Volume IV by Green

HISTORY

OF

THE ENGLISH PEOPLE

BY

JOHN RICHARD GREEN, M.A. HONORARY FELLOW OF JESUS COLLEGE, OXFORD

VOLUME IV

THE REFORMATION, 1540-1593

London MACMILLAN AND CO., LTD. NEW YORK: MACMILLAN & CO. 1896

_First Edition, Demy 8vo, November 1877,_ _Reprinted December 1877, 1881, 1885, 1890_ _Eversley Edition 1896_

CONTENTS

BOOK VI

THE REFORMATION. 1540-1603

CHAPTER I PAGE THE PROTESTANT REVOLUTION. 1540-1553 7

CHAPTER II

THE CATHOLIC REACTION. 1553-1558 72

CHAPTER III

THE ENGLAND OF ELIZABETH. 1558-1561 146

CHAPTER IV

ENGLAND AND MARY STUART. 1561-1567 195

CHAPTER V

ENGLAND AND THE PAPACY. 1567-1582. 247

CHAPTER VI

ENGLAND AND SPAIN. 1582-1593 323

BOOK VI

THE REFORMATION

1540-1603

AUTHORITIES FOR BOOK VI

1540-1603

For the close of Henry the Eighth's reign as for the reigns of Edward and Mary we possess copious materials. Strype covers this period in his "Memorials" and in his lives of Cranmer, Cheke, and Smith; Hayward's "Life of Edward the Sixth" may be supplemented by the young king's own Journal; "Machyn's Diary" gives us the aspect of affairs as they presented themselves to a common Englishman; while Holinshed is near enough to serve as a contemporary authority. The troubled period of the Protectorate is illustrated by Mr. Tytler in the correspondence which he has published in his "England under Edward the Sixth and Mary," while much light is thrown on its close by Mr. Nicholls in the "Chronicle of Queen Jane," published by the Camden Society. In spite of countless errors, of Puritan prejudices, and some deliberate suppressions of the truth, its mass of facts and wonderful charm of style will always give importance to the "Acts and Monuments" or "Book of Martyrs" of John Foxe, as a record of the Marian persecution. Among outer observers, the Venetian Soranzo throws some light on the Protectorate; and the despatches of Giovanni Michiel, published by Mr. Friedmann, give us a new insight into the events of Mary's reign.

For the succeeding reign we have a valuable contemporary account in Camden's "Life of Elizabeth." The "Annals" of Sir John Hayward refer to the first four years of the Queen's rule. Its political and diplomatic side is only now being fully unveiled in the Calendar of State Papers for this period, which are being issued by the Master of the Rolls, and fresh light has yet to be looked for from the Cecil Papers and the documents at Simancas, some of which are embodied in the history of


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