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A Handbook of the English Language by Latham

The form Orm rather than Worm


have any peculiarities in the dialect of Kent, or the Isle of Wight, verified the notion of the population for those parts having been originally _Jute_.

Nor yet has any portion of England been shown by the evidence of its dialects, to have been _Frisian_.

s. 543. Yet the solution of such problems is one of the great objects of the study of provincial modes of speech.

s. 544. That _Jute_ characteristics will be sought in vain is the inference from ss. 7-13.

That differential points between the _Angles_ and _Saxons_ will be sought in vain is also probable.

On the other hand, differential points between the _Frisians_ and _Angles_ are likely to be discovered.

s. 545. The traces of the Danes, or Northmen, are distinct; the following forms of local names being _prim[^a] facie_ evidence (at least) of Danish or Norse occupancy.

a. The combination Sk-, rather than the sound of Sh-, in such names as Skip-ton, rather than Ship-ton.

b. The combination Ca-, rather than Ch-, in such names as Carl-ton rather than Charl-ton.

c. The termination -by ( = _town_, _habitation_, _occupancy_,) rather than -ton, as Ash-by, Demble-by, Spills-by, Grims-by, &c.


The form _Kirk_ rather than _Church_.

e. The form _Orm_ rather than _Worm_, as in _Orms-head_.

In _Orms-kirk_ and _Kir-by_ we have a combination of Danish characteristics.

s. 546. In respect to their distribution, the Danish forms are--

At their _maximum_ on the sea-coast of Lincolnshire; i.e., in the parts about Spills-by.

Common, but less frequent, in Yorkshire, the Northern counties of England, the South-eastern parts of Scotland, Lancashire, (_Ormskirk_, _Horn-by_), and parts of South Wales (_Orms-head_, _Ten-by_).

In Orkney, and the northern parts of Scotland, the Norse had originally the same influence that the Anglo-Saxon had in the south.--See the chapter of the Lowland Scotch.

This explains the peculiar distribution of the Norse forms. Rare, or non-existent, in central and southern England, they appear on the opposite sides of the island, and on its northern extremity; showing that the stream of the Norse population went _round the island rather than across it_.

s. 547. Next to the search after traces of the original differences in the speech of the Continental invaders of Great Britain, the question as to the origin of the _written_ language of England is the most important.

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