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A Handbook of the English Language by Latham

Who are the present Jutlanders of Jutland


the northern French of _Normandy_ there is a second Gothic element, viz., a Scandinavian element. See s. 76.

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1. What are the _present_ languages of Wales, the Isle of Man, the Scotch Highlands, and Ireland?

2. What are the _present_ languages of Germany and Holland? How are they related to the _present_ language of England? How to the original language of England?

3. Enumerate the chief _supposed_ migrations from Germany to England, giving (when possible) the _date_ of each, the particular German tribe by which each was undertaken, and the parts of Great Britain where the different landings were made. Why do I say _supposed_ migrations? Criticise, in detail, the evidence by which they are supported, and state the extent to which it is exceptionable. Who was Beda? What were the sources of his information?

4. Give reasons for believing the existence of Germans in England anterior to A.D. 447.

5. Who are the present Jutlanders of Jutland? Who the inhabitants of the district called Anglen in Sleswick? What are the reasons for connecting these with the Jutes and Angles of Beda? What those for denying such a connection?

6. What is the meaning of the termination

-uarii in _Cant-uarii_ and _Vect-uarii_? What was the Anglo-Saxon translation of _Antiqui Saxones_, _Occidentales Saxones_, _Orientates Saxones_, _Meridionales Saxones_? What are the known variations in the form of the word _Vectis_, meaning the _Isle of Wight_? What those of the root Jut- as the name of the inhabitants of the peninsula of Jutland?

7. Translate _Cantware_, _Wihtware_, into Latin. How does Alfred translate _Jutae_? How does the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle? What is the derivation of the name _Carisbrook_, a town in the Isle of Wight?

8. Take exception to the opinions that _Jutes_, from _Jutland_, formed part of the Germanic invasion of England; or, rather, take exceptions to the evidence upon which that opinion is based.

9. From what part of Germany were the _Angles_ derived? What is Beda's? what Ethelweard's statement concerning them? Who were the _Angli_ of Tacitus?

10. What is the derivation of the word Mercia?

11. Give the localities of the Old Saxons, and the Northalbingians. Investigate the area occupied by the Anglo-Saxons.

12. What is the present population of the Dutch province of Friesland? What its language? What the dialects and stages of that language?

13. What was the language of the Asega-bog, the Heliand, Beowulf, Hildubrand and Hathubrant, the Carolinian Psalms, the Gospels of Ulphilas, and the poems of Gysbert Japicx?

14. Make a map of Ancient Germany and Scandinavia according to languages and dialects of those two areas. Exhibit, in a tabular form, the languages of the Gothic stock. Explain the meaning of the words _Gothic_, and _Moeso-Gothic_, and _Platt-Deutsch_.

15. Analyze the Scandinavian forms _Solen_, _Bordet_, and _brennast_.

16. Exhibit the difference between the _logical_ and the _historical_ analysis of a language.

17. What are the Celtic names for the _English language_?

18. Enumerate the chief Germanic populations connected by ancient writers with the _Angles_, stating the Ethnological relations of each, and noticing the extent to which they coincide with those of the Angles.

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