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A Handbook of the English Language by Latham

But even as a plural of the genitive his


II.

style="text-align: justify;"> _thaet_ ( = that, the), and _this_ ( = this).

_Neut._ _Masc._ _Fem._ _Neut._ _Masc._ _Fem._

_Sing. Nom._ _thaet_ -- -- _this_ thes the['o]s. _Acc._ _thaet_ _thone_ th[^a] this thisne th['a]s. _Abl._ _thy_ _thy_ _thaere._ _thise_ thise thisse. _Dat._ th['a]m th['a]m _thaere._ thisum thisum thisse. _Gen._ thaes thaes _thaere._ thises thises thisse. __________ _________/ _________ _________/ / / _Plur. Nom. Acc._ _th['a]._ _th['a]s._ _Abl. Dat._ _th['a]m._ thisum. _Gen._ _th['a]ra._ thissa.

III.

_Hit_ ( = it), (_he_ = he), _he['o]_ ( = she).

_Sing. Nom._ _hit_ _he_ he['o]. _Acc._ _hit_ hine h['i]. _Dat._ _him_ _him_ _hire._ _Gen._ _his_ _his_ _hire._ _________ __________/ / _Plur. Nom. Acc._ hi _Dat._ him (heom). _Gen._ hira (heora).

IV.

style="text-align: justify;">_the_ (the)--Undeclined, and used for all cases and genders.

s. 232. _These_.--Here observe--

1st. That the s is no inflection, but a radical part of the word, like the s in _geese_.

2nd. That the Anglo-Saxon form is _th['a]s_.

These facts create difficulties in respect to the word _these_. Mr. Guest's view is, perhaps, the best; viz., that the plural element of the word is the final -e, and that this -e is the old English and Anglo-Saxon adjective plural; so that _thes-e_ is formed from _this_, as _gode_ ( = _boni_) is from _god_ ( = _bonus_).

The nominative plural in the Old English adjective ended in -e; as,

_Singular._ _Plural._ _M._ _F._ _N._ _M._ _F._ _N._ _God_, _god_, _god_, _gode_.

In Old English MSS. this plural in -e is general. It occurs not only in adjectives and pronouns as a regular inflection, but even as a plural of the genitive _his_, that word being treated as a nominative singular; so that _hise_ is formed from _his_, as _sui_ from _suus_, or as _eji_ might have been formed from _ejus_; provided that in the Latin language this last word had been mistaken for a nominative singular. The following examples are Mr. Guest's.

1. In these lay a gret multitude of _syke_ men, _blinde_, crokid, and _drye_.--_Wicliffe_, Jon. v.

2. In all the orders foure is non that can So much of dalliance and faire language, He hadde ymade ful many a marriage-- His tippet was ay farsed ful of knives, And pinnes for to given _faire_ wives.--_Chau._, Prol.


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