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A History of Indian Philosophy, Volume 1

10 3 Classification of the Vedic literature


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style="text-align: justify;">texts have generally been given in footnotes in those cases where a difference of interpretation was anticipated or where it was felt that a reference to the text would make the matter clearer, or where the opinions of modern writers have been incorporated.

It gives me the greatest pleasure to acknowledge my deepest gratefulness to the Hon'ble Maharaja Sir Manindrachandra Nundy, K.C.I.E. Kashimbazar, Bengal, who has kindly promised to bear the entire expense of the publication of both volumes of the present work.

The name of this noble man is almost a household word in Bengal for the magnanimous gifts that he has made to educational and other causes. Up till now he has made a total gift of about L300,000, of which those devoted to education come to about L200,000. But the man himself is far above the gifts he has made. His sterling character, universal sympathy and friendship, his kindness and amiability make him a veritable Bodhisattva--one of the noblest of men that I have ever seen. Like many other scholars of Bengal, I am deeply indebted to him for the encouragement that he has given me in the pursuit of my studies and researches, and my feelings of attachment and gratefulness for him are too deep for utterance.

I am much indebted to my esteemed friends Dr E.J. Thomas of the Cambridge University Library and Mr Douglas Ainslie for their kindly

revising the proofs of this work, in the course of which they improved my English in many places. To the former I am also indebted for his attention to the transliteration of a large number of Sanskrit words, and also for the whole-hearted sympathy and great friendliness with which he assisted me with his advice on many points of detail, in particular the exposition of the Buddhist doctrine of the cause of rebirth owes something of its treatment to repeated discussions with him.

I also wish to express my gratefulness to my friend Mr N.K. Siddhanta, M.A., late of the Scottish Churches College, and Mademoiselle Paule Povie for the kind assistance they have rendered in preparing the index. My obligations are also due to the Syndics of the Cambridge University Press for the honour they have done me in publishing this work.

To scholars of Indian philosophy who may do me the honour of reading my book and who may be impressed with its inevitable

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shortcomings and defects, I can only pray in the words of Hemacandra:

Prama@nasiddhantaviruddham atra Yatkinciduktam matimandyado@sat Matsaryyam utsaryya tadaryyacitta@h Prasadam adhaya vis'odhayantu. [Footnote ref 1]

S.D.

TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

_February_, 1922.

_____________________________________________________________________

[Footnote 1: May the noble-minded scholars instead of cherishing ill feeling kindly correct whatever errors have been here committed through the dullness of my intellect in the way of wrong interpretations and misstatements.]

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY.....................................................1

CHAPTER II

THE VEDAS, BRAHMA@NAS AND THEIR PHILOSOPHY

1 The Vedas and their antiquity.................................10 2 The place of the Vedas in the Hindu mind......................10 3 Classification of the Vedic literature........................11 4 The Sa@mhitas.................................................12 5 The Brahma@nas................................................13 6 The Ara@nyakas................................................14 7 The @Rg-Veda, its civilization................................14 8 The Vedic gods................................................16 9 Polytheism, Henotheism, and Monotheism........................17 10 Growth of a Monotheistic tendency; Prajapati, Vis'vakarma.....19 11 Brahma........................................................20 12 Sacrifice; the First Rudiments of the Law of Karma............21 13 Cosmogony--Mythological and Philosophical.....................23 14 Eschatology; the Doctrine of Atman............................25 15 Conclusion....................................................26


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