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A History of Indian Philosophy, Volume 1

The most celebrated work on the Vedanta dialectic


wrote his _Vivara@nabhavaprakas'ika_

on it. Amalananda and Vidyasagara also wrote commentaries on _Pancapadika,_ named _Pancapadikadarpa@na_ and _Pancapadika@tika_ respectively, but the _Pancapadikavivara@na_ had by far the greatest reputation. Vidyara@nya who is generally identified by some with Madhava (1350) wrote his famous work _Vivara@naprameyasa@mgraha_ [Footnote ref 1], elaborating the ideas of _Pancapadikavivara@na_; Vidyara@nya wrote also another excellent work named _Jivanmuktiviveka_ on the Vedanta doctrine of emancipation. Sures'vara's (800 A.D.) excellent work _Nai@skarmyasiddhi_ is probably the earliest independent treatise on S'a@nkara's philosophy as expressed in his bha@sya. It has been commented upon by Jnanottama Mis'ra. Vidyara@nya also wrote another work of great merit known as _Pancadas'i,_ which is a very popular and illuminating treatise in verse on Vedanta. Another important work written in verse on the main teachings of S'a@nkara's bha@sya is _Sa@mk@sepas'ariraka_, written by Sarvajnatma Muni (900 A.D.). This has also been commented upon by Ramatirtha. S'rihar@sa (1190 A.D.) wrote his _Kha@n@danakha@n@dakhadya_, the most celebrated work on the Vedanta dialectic. Citsukha, who probably flourished shortly after S'rihar@sa, wrote a commentary on it, and also wrote an independent work on Vedanta dialectic known as _Tattvadipika_ which has also a commentary called _Nayanaprasadini_ written by Pratyagrupa. S'a@nkara Mis'ra and Raghunatha also wrote commentaries on _Kha@n@danakha@n@dakhadya._
A work on Vedanta epistemology and the principal topics of Vedanta of great originality and merit known as _Vedantaparibha@sa_ was written by Dharmarajadhvarindra (about 155OA.D.). His son Ramak@r@snadhvarin wrote his _S'ikhama@ni_ on it and Amaradasa his _Ma@niprabha._ The _Vedantaparibha@sa_ with these two commentaries forms an excellent exposition of some of the fundamental principles of Vedanta. Another work of supreme importance

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[Footnote 1: See Narasi@mhacarya's article in the _Indian Antiquary_, 1916.]

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(though probably the last great work on Vedanta) is the _Advaitasiddhi_ of Madhusudana Sarasvati who followed Dharmarajadhvarindra. This has three commentaries known as _Gau@dabrahmanandi_, _Vi@t@thales'opadhyayi_ and _Siddhivyakhya_. Sadananda Vyasa wrote also a summary of it known as _Advaitasiddhisiddhantasara_. Sadananda wrote also an excellent elementary work named _Vedantasara_ which has also two commentaries _Subodhini_ and _Vidvanmanoranjini_. The _Advaitabrahmasiddhi_ of Sadananda Yati though much inferior to _Advaitasiddhi_ is important, as it touches on many points of Vedanta interest which are not dealt with in other Vedanta works. The _Nyayamakaranda_ of Anandabodha Bha@t@tarakacaryya treats of the doctrines of illusion very well, as also some other important points of Vedanta interest. _Vedantasiddhantamuktavali_ of Prakas'ananda discusses many of the subtle points regarding the nature of ajnana and its relations to cit, the doctrine of _d@r@stis@r@stivada_, etc., with great clearness. _Siddhantales'a by Apyayadik@sita is very important as a summary of the divergent views of different writers on many points of interest. _Vedantatattvadipika_ and _Siddhantatattva_ are also good as well as deep in their general summary of the Vedanta system. _Bhedadhikkara_ of Nrsi@mhas'rama Muni also is to be regarded as an important work on the Vedanta dialectic.


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