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A History of Indian Philosophy, Volume 1

151 16 Sautrantika theory of Inference


CHAPTER

III

THE EARLIER UPANI@SADS (700 B.C.-600 B.C.)

1 The place of the Upani@sads in Vedic literature...............28 2 The names of the Upani@sads; Non-Brahmanic influence..........30 3 Brahma@nas and the Early Upani@sads...........................31 4 The meaning of the word Upani@sad.............................38 5 The composition and growth of diverse Upani@sads..............38 6 Revival of Upani@sad studies in modern times..................39 7 The Upani@sads and their interpretations......................41 8 The quest after Brahman: the struggle and the failures........42 9 Unknowability of Brahman and the Negative Method..............44 10 The Atman doctrine............................................45 11 Place of Brahman in the Upani@sads............................48 12 The World.....................................................51 13 The World-Soul................................................52 14 The Theory of Causation.......................................52 15 Doctrine of Transmigration....................................53 16 Emancipation..................................................58

CHAPTER IV

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON THE SYSTEMS OF INDIAN PHILOSOPHY

1 In what sense is a History of Indian Philosophy possible?......62 2 Growth of the Philosophic Literature...........................65

3 The Indian systems of Philosophy...............................67 4 Some fundamental points of agreement...........................71 1 _The Karma theory_.........................................71 2 _The Doctrine of Mukti_....................................74 3 _The Doctrine of Soul_.....................................75 5 The Pessimistic Attitude towards the World and the Optimistic Faith in the end...............................................75 6 Unity in Indian Sadhana (philosophical, religious and ethical endeavours)....................................................77

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CHAPTER V

BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY

1 The State of Philosophy in India before Buddha.................78 2 Buddha: his Life...............................................81 3 Early Buddhist Literature......................................82 4 The Doctrine of Causal Connection of early Buddhism............84 5 The Khandhas...................................................93 6 Avijja and Asava...............................................99 7 Sila and Samadhi..............................................100 8 Kamma.........................................................106 9 Upani@sads and Buddhism.......................................109 10 The Schools of Theravada Buddhism.............................112 11 Mahayanism....................................................125 12 The Tathata Philosophy of As'vagho@sa (80 A.D.)...............129 13 The Madhyamika or the Sunyavada school--Nihilism..............138 14 Uncompromising Idealism or the School of Vijnanavada Buddhism.145 15 Sautrantika theory of Perception..............................151 16 Sautrantika theory of Inference...............................155 17 The Doctrine of Momentariness.................................158 18 The Doctrine of Momentariness and the Doctrine of Causal Efficiency (Arthakriyakaritva)..................................163 19 Some Ontological Problems on which the Different Indian Systems diverged........................................................164 20 Brief Survey of the Evolution of Buddhist Thought.............166


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