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A History of the United States by Cecil Chesterton

Receives surrender of Johnstone


Seven

Years' War, outbreak of, 9

Seward, William, Senator, for New York, 139; his speech on Fugitive Slave Law, 139; passed over for Fremont, 145; for Lincoln, 153; Secretary of State, 172; attempt to assassinate, 207; his desire for foreign war, 213

_Shannon_, the, duel with the _Chesapeake_, 80

Shay's Insurrection, 42; Jefferson on, 61

Shenandoah Valley, Johnstone in, 180; Jackson's campaign in, 186; Sheridan in, 201

Sheridan, General, his campaign in Shenandoah Valley, 201

Sherman, Senator John, opposes Negro Suffrage, 218

Sherman, General William T., left in command in the West, 197; wins Battle of Chattanooga, 198; moves on Atlanta, 199; takes Atlanta, 200; his march to the sea, 201; receives surrender of Johnstone, 213; his proposed terms of peace, 213

Slavery, reappears in New World, 3; legal in all English Colonies, 12; difference in North and South, 12; general disapproval of, 40; disappears in Northern States, 40; Jefferson's proposals for extinction of, 41; Constitutional Compromises over, 48-49; opinion on American Fathers regarding, 49, 50, 129; Jefferson on, 50; excluded from North-West Territories, 85; Missouri Compromises concerning, 86; Calhoun's

defence of, 111, 118, 134; California decides to exclude, 123; Arizona and New Mexico open to, 126; strengthening of, 129; decline in public reprobation of, 130; debates on, in Virginian legislature, 131; effect of economic changes on, 131; Garrison's view of, 133; Scriptural appeals regarding, 134-135; Douglas's attitude towards, 141; Lincoln's view of, 148-149; Crittenden compromise concerning, 160; not the issue of the Civil War, 162; Lincoln's pledge regarding, 168; not referred to by Davis, 169-170; Stephens on, 170; Lee on, 176; Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, 189-191; destroyed by the War, 199; dead, 203; Thirteenth Amendment abolishes, 203

Slave Trade, in hands of Northern Colonists, 12; condemned in first draft of Declaration of Independence, 49; suffered to continue for 20 years, 49; prohibition of, 49; abolished in District of Columbia, 126

Slidell (_see_ Mason and Slidell)

Socialism, character of American, 233

"Solid South, the," 225, 228, 234

South, the, staple industries of, based on Slavery, 40; divergence between North and, 47; balance between North and, 47, 85; changes of view of Slavery in, 129-135; aggressive policy of, 144-145; rejects Douglas, 153; votes for Breckinridge, 155; motives of Secession of, 163-164; military capabilities of, 179; attitude of, after the war, 211-212; attitude of, towards Negroes, 212; Grant on temper of, 213; Negro rule established in, 221-222; liberation of, 224-225; Negro problem in, 225-226

South America, colonized by Spain, 1; influence of French Revolution on, 87; freedom of, guaranteed by Monroe Doctrine, 88; German ambitions in, 238

South Carolina, colonization of, 8; "Tories" in, 31; Cornwallis and Tarleton in, 31; dislike of Protection in, 98; nullifies Tariff, 99; nullifies Force Bill, 101; talk of Secession in, 123; election of Lincoln cheered in, 156; peculiar attitude of, 156-157; secedes from the Union, 158; demands surrender of Sumter, 172; anger against, 173-4; Sherman's march through, 201


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