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History of Egypt, Chaldæa, Syria, Babylonia, and

Produced by David Widger

[Illustration: Spines]

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HISTORY OF EGYPT CHALDEA, SYRIA, BABYLONIA, AND ASSYRIA

By G. MASPERO, Honorable Doctor of Civil Laws, and Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford; Member of the Institute and Professor at the College of France

Edited by A. H. SAYCE, Professor of Assyriology, Oxford

Translated by M. L. McCLURE, Member of the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund

CONTAINING OVER TWELVE HUNDRED COLORED PLATES AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Volume VIII.

LONDON

THE GROLIER SOCIETY

PUBLISHERS

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Arab Family at Dinner

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_SENNACHERIB (705-681 B.C.)_

_THE STRUGGLE OF SENNACHERIB WITH JUDAEA AND EGYPT--DESTRUCTION OF BABYLON_

_The upheaval of the entire Eastern world on the accession of Sennacherib--Revolt of Babylon: return of Merodach-baladan and his efforts to form a coalition against Assyria; the battle of Kish (703 B.C.)--Belibni, King of Babylon (702-699 B.C.)--Sabaco, King of Egypt, Amenertas and Pionkhi, Shabi-toku--Tyre and its kings after Ethbaal II.: Phoenician colonisation in Libya and the foundation of Carthage--The Kingdom of Tyre in the time of Tiglath-pileser III. and Sargon: Elulai--Judah and the reforms of Hezekiah; alliance of Judah and Tyre with Egypt, the downfall of the Tyrian kingdom (702 B.C.)--The battle of Altaku and the siege of Jerusalem: Sennacherib encamped before Lachish, his Egyptian expedition, the disaster at Pelusium._

_Renewed revolt of Babylon and the Tabal (699 B.C.); flight of the people of Bit-Yakin into Elamite territory; Sennacherib's fleet and descent on Nagitu (697-696 B.C.)--Khalludush invades Karduniash (695 B.C.); Nirgal-ushezib and Mushesib-marduk at Babylon (693-689 B.C.)--Sennacherib invades Elam (693 B.C.): battle of Khalule (692 B.C.), siege and destruction of Babylon (689 B.C.)--Buildings of Sennacherib at Nineveh: his palace at Kouyunjik; its decoration with battle, hunting, and building scenes._

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CHAPTER I--SENNACHERIB (705-681 B.C.)

_The struggle of Sennacherib with Judaea and Egypt--Destruction of Babylon._

Sennacherib either failed to inherit his father's good fortune, or lacked his ability.* He was not deficient in military genius, nor in the energy necessary to withstand the various enemies who rose against him at widely removed points of his frontier, but he had neither the adaptability of character nor the delicate tact required to manage successfully the heterogeneous elements combined under his sway.

* The two principal documents for the reign of Sennacherib are engraved on cylinders: the Taylor Cylinder and the Bellino Cylinder, duplicates of which, more or less perfect, exist in the collections of the British Museum. The Taylor Cylinder, found at Kouyunjik or Usebi-Yunus, contains the history or the first eight years of this reign; the Bellino Cylinder treats of the two first years of the reign.


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