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A History of Germany by Bayard Taylor

The Prince of Augustenburg in Holstein

1863. Continued rivalry of Austria and Prussia.

1864. War in Schleswig-Holstein; Denmark gives up the duchies; the Prince of Augustenburg in Holstein.

1865. Agreement of Gastein; Schleswig and Holstein divided between Austria and Prussia.

1866. Austria prepares for war; the German Diet dissolved.

1866. Battle of Langensalza; invasion of Saxony and Bohemia; battle of Koeniggraetz; the war on the Main; truce of Nikolsburg; annexation of Hannover, Hesse-Cassel, Nassau, and Frankfort to Prussia; the Peace of Prague.

1867. Establishment of the North-German Union; the question of Luxemburg; hostility of France.

1869. OEcumenical Council in Rome.

1870. France declares war against Prussia; all the German states, except Austria, unite; battles of Weissenburg and Woerth; the German armies move on Metz; battles of Courcelles, Mars-la-Tour, and Gravelotte; the battle of Sedan, and surrender of Napoleon III.; the Republic declared in Paris; capitulation of Strasburg and Metz; siege of Paris; the war on the Loire and in the

northern provinces.

1871. Victories of Prince Frederick Karl at Le Mans; Bourbaki's repulse by Werder; surrender of Paris; Bourbaki's retreat into Switzerland; William I. of Prussia proclaimed Emperor of Germany; the Peace of Frankfort; foundation of the new German Empire.

1872. Beginning of conflict between the German Government and the Roman Church; Falk made Minister of Culture; the Jesuits banished from Germany.

1873. The boundaries defined between State and Church; the May laws.

1874. Civil marriage made obligatory.

1876. The _Kulturkampf_ beginning to lag.

1878. Two murderous attempts on the life of Emperor William I.; the exceptional law against the Social-Democrats put in force.

1879. Falk resigns; appointment of reactionary Minister of Culture; Alliance with Austria.

1881. Emperor William I. opens Parliament; legislation for bettering the condition of the working classes.

1882. Revision of the May laws; Triple Alliance.

1886. Warlike attitude of Russia and France; death of Ludwig II. of Bavaria.

1887. Parliamentary conflict in regard to the military budget; dissolution of Parliament; new elections result in favor of the Government.

1888. Death of Emperor William I.; Frederick III., Emperor; his reign of ninety-nine days; his death; succession of William II.

1890. Bismarck resigns the Chancellorship; General Caprivi succeeds him; German-English agreement.

1891. Renewal of Triple Alliance; new commercial treaties.

1892. Introduction of a new military bill.

1893. Defeat of army bill; dissolution of Parliament; the bill carried as a result of new elections.


Transcriber's Notes

Italic phrases are enclosed with underlines [_] in the text version and bold phrases are enclosed by equal signs [=].

Sidenotes replace page headings from the original. They are moved to the nearest following paragragh break.

Images are moved to the nearest paragraph break to make the text more readable.

The following are used interchangeably:

grand-sons grandsons Eugenie Eugenie Gunther Guenther Luneville Luneville Cooperation Cooperation

Page xxx

(text to be searched). Action taken.

Page 113

(the name is written). Changed from 'writen' to 'written'.

Page 165

(he met Pope Adrian IV.,). Changed 'Adrain' to 'Adrian'.

Page 246

(--Change in Military Service.). Changed 'Servive' to 'Service'.

Page 344

(1734, King Stanislas). Changed 'king' to King'.

Page 356

(at the different courts,). Was 'differents courts' in original.

Page 379

(Longwy). As in original.

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