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A History of Horncastle by James Conway Walter

We also find the patronymic Hurne


To the skill and bravery in war of the Britons Caesar bears testimony. He says, "They drive their chariots in all directions, throwing their spears, and by the fear of their horses and the noise of their wheels they disturb the ranks of their enemies; when they have forced their way among the troops they leap down and fight on foot. By constant practice they acquire such skill that they can stop, turn, and guide their horses when at full speed and in the most difficult ground. They can run along the chariot pole, sit on the collar and return with rapidity into the chariot, by which novel mode (he says) his men were much disturbed." ("Novitate pugnae perturbati.") _De Bella Gallico_, lib. iv, c, 33, 34.

{5a} An account of this milestone is given by the late Precentor Venables, in his _Walks through the Streets of Lincoln_, two Lectures, published by J. W. Ruddock, 253, High Street, Lincoln.

{5b} Stukeley, _Itinerarium curiosum_, p. 28; Weir's _History of Horncastle_, p. 4, ed. 1820; Saunders' _History_, vol. ii, p. 90, ed. 1834; Bishop Trollope, _Architectural Society's Journal_, vol. iv, p. 199, &c.

{5c} Ravennas, whose personal name is not known (that term merely meaning a native of Ravenna), was an anonymous geographer, who wrote a _Chorography of Britian_, as well as of several other countries, about A.D. 650. These were confessedly compilations from older authorities,

and were, two centuries later, revised by Guido of Ravenna, and doubtless by others at a later period still, since the work, in its existent form describes the Saxons and Danes, as well, in Britain. As Gallio, also of Ravenna, was the last Roman general in command in these parts, it has been suggested that he was virtually the original author (Horsley's _Britannia_, 1732, chap. iv., p. 489; also _The Dawn of Modern Geography_, by C. Raymond Beazley, M.A., F.R.G.S., 1897, J. Murray). Messrs. Pinder and Parthey published an edition of _Ravennas_, _or the Ravennese Geographer_, as did also Dr. Gale.

{5e} _Life of Agricola_ c. xxxi.

{6a} This is a thoroughly provincial word for highway or turnpike. It is of course a corruption of "Rampart," a fortified passage. In the marsh districts the main roads are called "rampires." See Brogden's _Provincial Words_.

{6b} The name Baumber, again, also written Bam-burgh, means a "burgh," or fortress on the Bain, which runs through that parish.

{7a} These urns are fully described with an engraving of them in vol. iv, pt. ii, of the _Architectural Society's Journal_, by the late Bishop Dr. E. Trollope.

{7b} _Architect. S. Journal_, iv, ii, p. 201.

{8} Gough, _Sepulchral Monuments_, Introduction, p. 59, says "coffins of lead and wood are believed to have been used by the Romans in Britain."

{9} The first Danish incursions into England were in A.D. 786 and 787, specially in Lincolnshire in 838. In 869 was fought the decisive battle of Threckingham in this county, which made the Danes paramount. The name Threckingham is said to be derived from the fact that 3 kings were slain in this battle, but we believe this to be an error, and that the place was the residence, the "ham" of the Threcginghas.

{10} The prefix "Horn" is also found in Holbeach Hurn, an angular headland on the south coast of Lincolnshire. In the monkish Latin of old title deeds, we also find the patronymic Hurne, Hearne, &c., represented by its equivalent "de angulo," _i.e._ "of the corner."

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