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A History of Horncastle by James Conway Walter

Unless it was at Thimbleby or Legbourne


For these details, as well as many others, I am indebted to family records in the possession of the late Mr. John Overton, which I have had the privilege of consulting on many occasions. J.C.W.

{165} Mr. Isaac Taylor in his _Words and Places_ (p. 201, ed. 1873), says "I cannot discover any indication of the place where the Lincolnshire 'Thing' (the Saxon 'County Council') assembled, unless it was at Thimbleby or Legbourne." There are, however, several parishes containing the element "thing" in their field names; for instance there is one in Welton near Lincoln; there is a Candlesby Thyng, a Norcotes Thyng, and Ravenworth Thyng, named in a Chancery Inquisition, 20 Henry VII., No. 133, &c. (_Architectural Society's Journal_, 1895, p. 38.) These were probably the localities where smaller parish meetings were held.

{166a} A superior tenant, holding under Bishop Odo, was a rather important man in the county, frequently mentioned in documents of the period, as Alan of Lincoln. He also held lands in Langton and other parishes in the neighbourhood. (Survey of Lindsey, Cotton MS., British Museum. Claudius, c. 5. A.D. 1114-1118.)

{166b} Notices of Hagworthingham.

{166c} Albemarle, or Aumarle, was a town in Normandy, now called Aumale, whence the Duc d' Aumale, of the Royal family of France, takes his title. Probably the Earl put in a claim

for this demesne indirectly, because (as already stated) Adeliza, Countess of Albemarle, was sister of Bishop Odo, the former Lord of Thimbleby.

{166d} The Gaunts took their name from Gande, now Ghent, in Flanders. Gilbert was the son of Baldwyn, Earl of Flanders, whose sister was married to William the Conqueror. He was thus nephew to the Conqueror's consort. He held 113 manors in Lincolnshire besides many others elsewhere. Both he and his son Walter largely endowed Bardney Abbey. The name of Gaunt still survives in our neighbourhood.

{166e} Notes on Bolingbroke, &c.

{167a} Feet of Fines, Lincoln, 31 Edward I.

{167b} _Architectural Society's Journal_, 1897, p. 52.

{167c} It may be nothing more than an accidental coincidence that the name of Bartholomew occurs in the Thimbleby Register in modern times.

{167d} These charters belong to the Rev. J. A. Penny, Vicar of Wispington, by whom they were communicated to _Lincs. Notes & Queries_, vol. v, No. 38, April, 1897.

{168a} Harleian Charter, British Museum, 43 G, 52, B.M. _Lincs. Notes & Queries_, Oct., 1898, p. 244.

{168b} Chancery Inquisition post mortem 6 Ed. III.

{168c} Chancery Inquisition post mortem, 34 Ed. III., and notes thereon, _Architectural Society's Journal_, 1896, p. 257.

{168d} Court of Wards Inquisition, 3, 4, 5 Ed. VI., vol. 5, p. 91.

{169a} Harleian Charter, British Museum, 56 B, 49 B.M.

{169b} Myntlyng MS. of Spalding Priory, folio 7 b.

{170a} At the time of the Norman Conquest, according to Sir Henry Ellis, there were 222 parish churches in the county, and only 131 resident priests. Sharon Turner gives 226 churches, about half without a resident minister.

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