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A History of Horncastle by James Conway Walter

When the Kemp property was sold


{170b}

Hundred Rolls, p. 299. Oliver's _Religious Houses_, p. 78.

{171a} _Lincs. Notes & Queries_, 1898, p. 135.

{171b} _History of Lincolnshire_, p. 334.

{172a} _Lincs. Notes & Queues_, vol. ii, p. 38.

{172b} I have been informed of this by the Rev. Edwin Richard Kemp, of St. Anne's Lodge, Lincoln, who is a scion of a collateral branch of the family, to be named next amongst the successive owners of the Hall-garth.

{173a} Weir's _History of Lincolnshire_, p. 334.

{173b} Henry Kemp and "Elinor" Panton were married in 1723. They had a numerous family, including Michael, baptized May 2nd, 1731; Thomas, baptized 1737, married 1768; and Robert, baptized 1740, married 1766. Thomas and Robert were family names, which occurred in successive generations. There were other branches of the family, whose representatives still survive; including the Rev. Edwin R. Kemp, already referred to, whose grandfather was first cousin of the last Thomas Kemp residing at the Hall-garth. When the Kemp property was sold, a portion, at one time belonging to William Barker, was bought by the Rev. R. E. Kemp of Lincoln.

{173c} N. Bailey's _Dictionary_ 1740.

{173d} The Saxon word "caemban" meant "to comb," whence our words

"kempt" and "unkempt," applied to a tidy, neatly trimmed, or combed, person, and the reverse; or used of other things, as Spenser, in his _Faery Queen_, says:

"I greatly lothe thy wordes, Uncourteous and unkempt."--Book III, canto x, stanza xxix.

On the other hand, more than 100 years before the days of the Huguenots, there was a Cardinal John Kemp, afterwards consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury, A.D. 1452, born at Wye, near Ashford in Kent. In the old Rhyming Chronicle "Laweman's Brut," of date about A.D. 1205, we find "Kemp" used as a parallel to "Knight," or warrior; as

"Three hundred cnihtes were also Kempes, The faireste men that evere come here."

("Hengist and Horsa," Cottonian MS., Brit. Mus., "Otho," c. xiii.) ("Morris's _Specimens of early English_," p. 65.)

In Bedfordshire there is a village named Kempston, which, like Campton in the same county, is supposed to be derived from the Saxon "Kemp," meaning "battle." Taylor's _Words and Places_, p. 206.

{175} One of these Marshalls began life as the owner of property, hunting in "pink," &c., but ended his days as the clerk of a neighbouring parish. Another had a public-house and farm in another near parish; his descendant is a beneficed clergyman in the diocese of Exeter.

{176a} There were six bells in the original church. These were sold by the said churchwarden, who would appear to have been a zealous iconoclast. According to one tradition they went to Billinghay, but as the church there has only three bells, this is probably an error. Another version is that they were transferred to Tetford church; had the removal occurred in the time of the Thimblebys, this might not have been improbable, as they were patrons of that benefice; but several other churches claim this distinction, and, further, there are only three bells in that church, so that this again is doubtless a mistake.


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