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A History of the Philippines by David P. Barrows




General Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Philippine Islands

New York . Cincinnati . Chicago

American Book Company


This book has been prepared at the suggestion of the educational authorities for pupils in the public high schools of the Philippines, as an introduction to the history of their country. Its preparation occupied about two years, while the author was busily engaged in other duties,--much of it being written while he was traveling or exploring in different parts of the Archipelago. No pretensions are made to an exhaustive character for the book. For the writer, as well as for the pupil for whom it is intended, it is an introduction into the study of the history of Malaysia.

Considerable difficulty has been experienced in securing the necessary historical sources, but it is believed that the principal ones have been read. The author is greatly indebted to the Honorable Dr. Pardo de Tavera for the use of rare volumes from his library, and he wishes to acknowledge also the kindness of Mr. Manuel Yriarte, Chief of the Bureau of Archives, for permission to examine public documents. The occasional reprints of the old Philippine histories have, however, been used more frequently than the original editions. The splendid series of reprinted works on the Philippines, promised by Miss Blair and Mr. Robertson, was not begun in time to be used in the preparation of this book. The appearance of this series will make easy a path which the present writer has found comparatively difficult, and will open the way for an incomparably better History of the Philippines than has ever yet been made.

The drawings of ethnographic subjects, which partly illustrate this book, were made from objects in the Philippine Museum by Mr. Anselmo Espiritu, a teacher in the public schools of Manila. They are very accurate.

Above every one else, in writing this book, the author is under obligations to his wife, without whose constant help and encouragement it could not have been written.

David P. Barrows.

Manila, Philippine Islands, March 1st, 1903.



I. The Philippines as a Subject for Historical Study 9 II. The Peoples of the Philippines 25 III. Europe and the Far East about 1400 A.D. 42 IV. The Great Geographical Discoveries 61 V. Filipino People Before the Arrival of the Spaniards 88 VI. The Spanish Soldier and the Spanish Missionary 108 VII. Period of Conquest and Settlement, 1565-1600 125 VIII. The Philippines Three Hundred Years Ago 156 IX. The Dutch and Moro Wars, 1600-1663 187 X. A Century of Obscurity and Decline, 1633-1762 212 XI. The Philippines During the Period of European Revolution, 1762-1837 231 XII. Progress and Revolution, 1837-1897 259 XIII. America and the Philippines 287 Appendix 321 Index 325

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