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A History of the Gipsies by Walter Simson

In the Scottish Gipsy language


|| || Gipsy. | Gipsy.

| Gipsy. | rian | rian | Gipsy.| || Eng- || | | | Gipsy.| Gipsy. | | ||lish. ++-----------+--------+------------+-------+--------+-------+ || || W. S. |HOYLAND.|GRELLMANN. |BRIGHT.|BORROW. |HOYL'D.| || || | | | | | | ++------++-----------+--------+------------+-------+--------+-------+ ||One ||Yaik |Aick |Ick, Ek |Jeg |Jek |Yeck | ||Two ||Duie |Dooce |Duj, Doj |Dui |Dui |Duy | ||Three ||Trin |Trin |Trin, Tri |Tri |Trin |Trin | ||Four ||Tor |{Shtar, |Schtar, Star|Stah |Schtar |Shtiar | || || |{Staur | | | | | ||Five ||Punch, Fo |Panji | {Pantsch, |Paunch |Pansch |Panch | || || | | {Pansch | | | | ||Six ||Shaigh |Shove |{Tschowe, |Schof |Tschov |Shove | || || | |{Schow, Sof | | | | ||Seven ||Naivairn |Heftan |Efta |Epta |Efta |Efta | || ||[221] | | | | | | ||Eight ||{Naigh, |. . . |Ochto |Opto |Ochto |Okto | || ||{Luften | | | | | | ||Nine ||Line |Henya |Enja, Eija |Ennia |Enija |Enia | ||Ten ||Nay |Desh |Desch, Des |Desh |D[=o]sch|Desh | ++------++-----------+--------+------------+-------+--------+-------+

style="text-align: justify;"> ++------++--------+--------+-------+---------+---------+-------+-------++ || ||Spanish |Persian.|Vulgar |Sanscrit.|Sanscrit.| Pali. | Kawi. || || || Gipsy. | | Hindo-| | | | || || Eng- || | |stanee.| | | | || ||lish. ++--------+--------+-------+---------+---------+-------+-------+| || ||BORROW. |BORROW. |JOHN |POLOCK. | BORROW. |POLOCK.|POLOCK.|| || || | |LOBBS. | | | | || ++------++--------+--------+-------+---------+---------+-------+-------++ ||One ||Yeque |Ek |Yek |Eka |Ega |Ekka |Eka || ||Two ||Dui |Du |Doh |Dui |Dvaya |Di |Dui || ||Three ||Trin |Se |Tin |Tri |Treya |Tri |Tri || ||Four ||Estar |Chehar |Char |Chater |Tschatvar|Chatwa |Chator || || || | | | | | | || ||Five ||Pansche |Pansch |Paunsh |Pancha |Pantscha |Pancha |Pancha || || || | | | | | | || ||Six ||Job, Zoi|Schesche|Shaiah |Shat |Schasda |Cho |Sat || || || | | | | | | || ||Seven ||Hefta |Heft |Saut |Sapta |Sapta |Sap |Sapta || || || | | | | | | || ||Eight ||Otor |Hescht |Aut |Ashta |Aschta |At-tha |Asta || || || | | | | | | || ||Nine ||Esnia |Nu |Nong |Nava |Nava |Nowa |Nawa || ||Ten ||Deque |De |Dest |Dasa |Dascha |Thotsa |Dasa || ++------++--------+--------+-------+---------+---------+-------+-------++

[221] The four last of these numerals, in the Scottish Gipsy language, differ very considerably from the corresponding ones in the Table. I leave the matter to be settled by philologists.

That the Gipsy language, in Scotland, is intermixed with cant, or slang, and other words, is certain, as will appear by the specimens I have exhibited.[222] I am inclined to believe, however, that were the cant and slang used by our flash men and others carefully examined, much of it would turn out to be corrupted Hindostanee, picked up from the Gipsies. I have, after considerable trouble, produced, and, I may venture to say, faithfully recorded, the raw materials as I found them: to separate the other words from the original and genuine Gipsy, is a task I leave to the learned philologist. I shall only observe, that the way in which the Gipsy language has been corrupted is this: That whenever the Gipsies find words not understood by the people among whom they travel, they commit such to memory, and use them in their conversation, for the purpose of concealment. In the Lowlands of Scotland, for example, they make use of Gaelic,[223] Welsh, Irish, and French words. These picked-up words and terms have, in the end, become part of their own peculiar tongue; yet some of the Gipsies are able to point out a number of these foreign words, as distinguished from their own. In this manner do the Gipsies carry along with them part of the language of every country through which they pass.[224]


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