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A History of the Reformation (Vol. 2 of 2)

Parkhurst to Bullinger The Book of Common Prayer


561: The speeches of Abbot Feckenham and Bishop Scot, reprinted in Gee's _Elizabethan Prayer-Book_, etc. pp. 228 _ff._, represent the arguments used in the Lords. Scot's speech was delivered on the third reading of the Act of Uniformity, quite a month after the Westminster conference, and Feckenham's _may_ have been made at the same time; still they show the arguments of the Romanists.]

[Footnote 562: _Calendar of Letters and State Papers relating to English Affairs, preserved principally in the Archives of Simancas, 1558-67_, pp. 45, 46-48; _Zurich Letters_, i. 13_ff._; Strype's _Annals_, etc. I. i. 128-40, I. ii. 466; _Calendar of State Papers, Venetian, 1558-80_, pp. 64, 65.]

[Footnote 563: "King Edward's reformation satisfieth the godly": Bullinger to Utenhovius (_Zurich Letters_, 2nd series, p. 17 _n._; Strype, _Annals_, I. i. 259).]

[Footnote 564: May 20th, Cox to Weidner: "The sincere religion of Christ is therefore established among us in all parts of the kingdom, just in the same manner as it was formerly promulgated under our Edward of blessed memory" (_Zurich Letters_, i. 28).

May 21st, Parkhurst to Bullinger: "The Book of Common Prayer, set forth in the time of King Edward, is now again in general use throughout England, and will be everywhere, in spite of the struggles and opposition of the pseudo-bishops" (_Zurich Letters_, i.


May 22nd, Jewel to Bullinger: "Religion is again placed on the same footing on which it stood in King Edward's time; to which event I doubt not but that your own letters and those of your republic have powerfully contributed" (_Zurich Letters_, i. 33).

May 23rd, Grindal to Conrad Hubert: "But now at last, by the blessing of God, during the prorogation of Parliament, there has been published a proclamation to banish the Pope and his jurisdiction altogether, and to restore religion to that form which we had in the time of Edward VI." (_Zurich Letters_, ii. 19).

Dr. Gee seems to beg an important historical question when he says that these letters _must_ have been written before the writers knew that the Prayer-Book had been actually altered in more than the three points mentioned in the Act of Uniformity. Grindal, writing again to Hubert on July 14th, when he must have known everything, says: "The state of our Church (to come to that subject) is pretty much the same as when I last wrote to you, except only that what had heretofore been settled by proclamations and laws with respect to the reformation of the churches is now daily being carried into effect." Cf. Gee's _Elizabethan Prayer-Book_, etc. p. 104 _n._, for the actual differences between the Edwardine Book of 1552 and the Elizabethan Book of 1559.]

[Footnote 565: _Cambridge Modern History_, ii, 570.]

[Footnote 566: The rubric explaining kneeling at the communion had not the authority of Parliament, but only of the Privy Council, and was not included.

The rubric of 1552 regarding _ornaments_, which had the authority of Parliament and was re-enacted by the Act of Uniformity of 1559, was: "And here is to be noted that the minister at the time of communion, and at all other times in his ministration, shall use _neither alb, vestment, nor cope; but being archbishop or bishop, he shall have and wear a rochet: and being priest or deacon, he shall have and wear a surplice only._"

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