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A History of the Reformation (Vol. 2 of 2)

Nigrum illa ecclesia catholica esse definierit


680: _Exercitia, Tertia Hebdomada_, ii. _Contemplatio_ (p. 157).]

[Footnote 681: _Exercitia, Tertia Hebdomada_, ii. _Contemplatio_, pp. 125, 126.]

[Footnote 682: _Ibid._ p. 121.]

[Footnote 683: J. A. Symonds, _The Renaissance in Italy, The Catholic Reaction_, i. 289.]

[Footnote 684: These and other declarations of a like kind are to be found in the last chapter of the _Exercitia Spiritualia_, entitled _Regulae aliquot servandae ut cum orthodoxa Ecclesia vere sentiamus_.]

[Footnote 685: _Ibid._ "Si quid, quod oculis nostris apparet album, nigrum illa (ecclesia catholica) esse definierit, debemus itidem, quod nigrum sit, pronuntiare" (_Regula_, 13, p. 267).]

[Footnote 686: _Cartas de San Ignacio de Loyola, fundador de la Compania de Jesus_ (Madrid, 1874, etc.), No. 14.]

[Footnote 687: Ignatius was fond of recalling these accusations and acquittals. In a celebrated letter to the King of Portugal he said that he had been eight times accused of heresy and as often acquitted, and that these accusations had really arisen, not from any associations he had ever had with schismatics, Lutherans, or _Alumbrados_ (heretical Mystics), but from the astonishment caused by the fact that he, an unlearned man, should presume to speak about things divine (_Cartas

de San Ignacio_, etc., No. 52).]

[Footnote 688: At the time of Ignatius' death (1556), "the Professed of the Four Vows," who were the Society in the strictest sense, and who alone had any share in its government, numbered only thirty-five.]

[Footnote 689: The Society came to consist of (1) _Novices_ who had been carefully selected (_a_) for the priesthood, or (_b_) for secular work, or (_c_) whose special vocation was yet undetermined--the _Indifferents_; (2) the _Scholastics_, who had passed through a noviciate of two years, and who had to spend five years in study, then five years as teachers of junior classes; (3) _Coadjutors_, spiritual or temporal--the one set sharing in all the missionary work of the Society, preaching or teaching, the other in the corresponding temporal duties; (4) _the Professed of the Four Vows_, who were the elite of the Society, and who alone had a share in its government. Heads of Colleges and Residences were taken from the third class.]

[Footnote 690: This diary was used by Yigilio Nolarci in his _Compendio della Vita di S. Ignatio di Loiola_ (Venice, 2nd ed., 1687), pp. 197-211.]

[Footnote 691: Symonds, _The Renaissance in Italy, The Catholic Reaction_ (London, 1886), i. 293, 294.]

[Footnote 692: Cf. vol. i. p. 142.]

[Footnote 693: Many of Loyola's letters are addressed to these ladies: _Cartas_, i. pp. 1, 4, 23, to Ines Pascual; pp. 16, 63, 112, 279, to Isabella Roser; pp. 34, 44, 177, to Teresa Rejadella de St. Clara, a nun.]

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