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A History of Philosophy in Epitome by Schwegler

37


VIII.--EMPEDOCLES 35 1. General View 35 2. The Four Elements 35 3. The Two Powers 36 4. Relation of the Empedoclean to the Eleatic and Heraclitic Philosophy 36

IX.--THE ATOMISTIC PHILOSOPHY 37 1. Its Propounders 37 2. The Atoms 37 3. The Fulness and the Void 38 4. The Atomistic Necessity 38 5. Relative Position of the Atomistic Philosophy 39

X.--ANAXAGORAS 40 1. His Personal History 40 2. His Relation to his Predecessors 41 3. The Principle of the [Greek: nous] 41 4. Anaxagoras as the close of the Pre-Socratic Realism 42

XI.--THE SOPHISTIC PHILOSOPHY 43

1. The Relation of the Sophistic Philosophy to the Anaxagorean Principle 43 2. Relation of the Sophistic Philosophy to the Universal Life of that Age 44 3. Tendencies of the Sophistic Philosophy 46 4. Significance of the Sophistic Philosophy from its relation to the Culture of the Age 47 5. Individual Sophists 48 6. Transition to Socrates, and characteristic of the following Period 51

XII.--SOCRATES 52 1. His Personal Character 52 2. Socrates and Aristophanes 55 3. The Condemnation of Socrates 57 4. The Genius of Socrates 60 5. Sources of the Philosophy of Socrates 61 6. Universal Character of the Philosophizing of Socrates 62 7. The Socratic Method 64 8. The Socratic Doctrine concerning Virtue 66

XIII.--THE PARTIAL DISCIPLES OF SOCRATES 67 1. Their Relation to the Socratic Philosophy 67 2. Antisthenes and the Cynics 68 3. Aristippus and the Cyrenians 69 4. Euclid and the Megarians 70 5. Plato as the complete Socraticist 71


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