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A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 17

Proceedings against Dame Alice Kyteler

[1] Benjamin Thorpe, _Ancient Laws and Institutes of England_ (London, 1840), I, 41; Liebermann, _Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen_ (Halle, 1906), and passages cited in his _Woerterbuch_ under _wiccan_, _wiccacraeft_; Thomas Wright, ed., _A Contemporary Narrative of the Proceedings against Dame Alice Kyteler_ (Camden Soc., London, 1843), introd., i-iii.

[2] George L. Burr, "The Literature of Witchcraft," printed in _Papers of the Am. Hist. Assoc._, IV (New York, 1890), 244.

[3] Henry C. Lea, _History of the Inquisition in Spain_ (New York, 1906-1907), IV, 207; _cf._ his _History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages_ (New York, 1888), III, chs. VI, VII. The most elaborate study of the rise of the delusion is that by J. Hansen, _Zauberwahn, Inquisition und Hexenprozess im Mittelalter_ (Cologne, 1900).

[4] Lea, _Inquisition in Spain_, IV, 206.

[5] Pollock and Maitland, _History of English Law_ (2d ed., Cambridge, 1898), II, 554.

[6] _Ibid._ See also Wright, ed., _Proceedings against Dame Alice Kyteler_, introd., ix.

[7] _Ibid._, x. Lincoln, not Norwich, as Wright's text (followed by Pollock and Maitland) has it. See the royal letter itself printed in his footnote, and _cf._ Rymer's _Foedera_ (under date of 2 Jan. 1406) and the _Calendar of the Patent Rolls_ (Henry IV, vol. III,

p. 112). The bishop was Philip Repington, late the King's chaplain and confessor.

[8] L. O. Pike, _History of Crime in England_ (London, 1873), I, 355-356.

[9] _Ibid._ Sir Harris Nicolas, _Proceedings and Ordinances of the Privy Council_ (London, 1834-1837). IV, 114.

[10] _English Chronicle of the Reigns of Richard II_, etc., edited by J. S. Davies (Camden Soc., London, 1856), 57-60.

[11] _Ramsay, Lancaster and York_ (Oxford, 1892), II, 31-35; Wright, ed., _Proceedings against Dame Alice Kyteler_, introd., xv-xvi, quoting the Chronicle of London; K. H. Vickers, _Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester_ (London, 1907), 269-279.

[12] Wright, ed., _op. cit._, introd., xvi-xvii.

[13] James Gairdner, _Life and Reign of Richard III_ (2d ed., London, 1879), 81-89. Jane Shore was finally tried before the court of the Bishop of London.

[14] Sir J. F. Stephen, _History of the Criminal Law of England_ (London, 1883), II, 410, gives five instances from Archdeacon Hale's _Ecclesiastical Precedents_; see extracts from Lincoln Episcopal Visitations in _Archaeologia_ (Soc. of Antiquaries, London), XLVIII, 254-255, 262; see also articles of visitation, etc., for 1547 and 1559 in David Wilkins, _Concilia Magnae Britanniae_ (London, 1737), IV, 25, 186, 190.

[15] An earlier statute had mentioned sorcery and witchcraft in connection with medical practitioners. The "Act concerning Phesicions and Surgeons" of 3 Henry VIII, ch. XI, was aimed against quacks. "Forasmoche as the science and connyng of Physyke and Surgerie to the perfecte knowlege wherof bee requisite bothe grete lernyng and ripe experience ys daily ... exercised by a grete multitude of ignoraunt persones ... soofarfurth that common Artificers as Smythes Wevers and Women boldely and custumably take upon theim grete curis and thyngys of great difficultie In the which they partely use socery and which crafte [_sic_] partely applie such medicyne unto the disease as be verey noyous," it was required that every candidate to practice medicine should be examined by the bishop of the diocese (in London by either the bishop or the Dean of St. Paul's).

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