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James Madison by Sydney Howard Gay

Minor punctuation errors have been corrected without notice. Printer's errors have been corrected and are listed at the end of the book. All other inconsistencies are as in the original.

Giants of America

The Founding Fathers

[Illustration: James Madison]

JAMES MADISON

by

SYDNEY HOWARD GAY

[Illustration: _The Home of James Madison_]

ARLINGTON HOUSE _New Rochelle, N.Y._

CONTENTS

CHAP. PAGE

I. THE VIRGINIA MADISONS 1

II. THE YOUNG STATESMAN 15

III. IN CONGRESS 28

IV. IN THE STATE ASSEMBLY 45

V. IN THE VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE 61

VI. PUBLIC DISTURBANCES AND ANXIETIES 73

VII. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION 84

VIII. "THE COMPROMISES" 94

IX. ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION 110

X. THE FIRST CONGRESS 122

XI. NATIONAL FINANCES--SLAVERY 144

XII. FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS 164

XIII. FRENCH POLITICS 185

XIV. HIS LATEST YEARS IN CONGRESS 207

XV. AT HOME--"RESOLUTIONS OF '98 AND '99" 225

XVI. SECRETARY OF STATE 242

XVII. THE EMBARGO 254

XVIII. MADISON AS PRESIDENT 272

XIX. WAR WITH ENGLAND 290

XX. CONCLUSION 309

INDEX 325

ILLUSTRATIONS

JAMES MADISON _Frontispiece_

From the painting by Sully in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C.

Autograph from a MS. in the New York Public Library, Lenox Building.

The vignette of "Montpelier," Madison's home at Montpelier, Va., is from a photograph. Page

CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY _facing_ 98

From the original painting by Gilbert Stuart in the possession of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, D. D., LL. D., Charleston, S. C.


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