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The Life of John Marshall Volume 4 of 4

THE LIFE OF JOHN MARSHALL

Standard Library Edition

IN FOUR VOLUMES

VOLUME IV

[Illustration: JOHN MARSHALL From the portrait by Henry Inman]

THE LIFE OF JOHN MARSHALL

BY ALBERT J. BEVERIDGE

VOLUME IV

THE BUILDING OF THE NATION

1815-1835

[Illustration]

BOSTON AND NEW YORK HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY The Riverside Press Cambridge

COPYRIGHT, 1919, BY ALBERT J. BEVERIDGE

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

CONTENTS

I. THE PERIOD OF AMERICANIZATION 1

War and Marshall's career--Federalists become British partisans--Their hatred of France--Republicans are exactly the reverse--The deep and opposite prejudices of Marshall and Jefferson--Cause of their conflicting views--The people become Europeanized--They lose sight of American considerations--Critical need of a National American sentiment--Origin of the War of 1812--America suffers from both European belligerents--British depredations--Jefferson retaliates by ineffective peaceful methods--The Embargo laws passed--The Federalists enraged--Pickering makes sensational speech in the Senate--Marshall endorses it--Congress passes the "Force Act"--Jefferson practices an autocratic Nationalism-- New England Federalists propose armed resistance and openly advocate secession--Marshall rebukes those who resist National authority--The case of Gideon Olmstead--Pennsylvania forcibly resists order of the United States Court--Marshall's opinion in U.S. _vs._ Judge Peters--Its historical significance--The British Minister repeats the tactics of Genet--Federalists uphold him--Republicans make great gains in New England-- Marshall's despondent letter--Henry Clay's heroic speeches-- War is declared--Federalists violently oppose it: "The child of Prostitution"--Joseph Story indignant and alarmed-- Marshall proposed as Presidential candidate of the peace party--Writes long letter advocating coalition of "all who wish peace"--Denounces Napoleon and the Decree of St. Cloud-- He heads Virginia Commission to select trade route to the West--Makes extended and difficult journey through the mountains--Writes statesmanlike report--Peace party nominates Clinton--Marshall criticizes report of Secretary of State on the causes of the war--New England Federalists determine upon secession--The Administration pamphlet on expatriation--John Lowell brilliantly attacks it--Marshall warmly approves Lowell's essay--His judicial opinions on expatriation--The coming of peace--Results of the war--The new America is born.

II. MARSHALL AND STORY 59

Marshall's greatest Constitutional decisions given during the decade after peace is declared--Majority of Supreme Court becomes Republican--Marshall's influence over the Associate Justices--His life in Richmond--His negligent attire--Personal anecdotes--Interest in farming--Simplicity of habits--Holds Circuit Court at Raleigh--Marshall's devotion to his wife--His


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