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A New Bat (Genus Pipistrellus) from Northeastern M

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS

MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Volume 7, No. 10, pp. 583-586 November 15, 1954

A New Bat (Genus Pipistrellus) from Northeastern Mexico

BY ROLLIN H. BAKER

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LAWRENCE 1954

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS, MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Editors: E. Raymond Hall, Chairman, A. Byron Leonard, Robert W. Wilson

Volume 7, No. 10, pp. 583-586 Published November 15, 1954

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence, Kansas

PRINTED BY FERD VOILAND, JR., STATE PRINTER TOPEKA, KANSAS 1954

* * * * *

A New Bat (Genus Pipistrellus) from Northeastern Mexico

by Rollin H. Baker

The eastern pipistrelle, _Pipistrellus subflavus_ (Cuvier) in the western part of its range, occurs along the Rio Grande and its tributaries as far west as northern Coahuila and Val Verde County, Texas. Specimens from those places represent a heretofore undescribed subspecies which may be named and described as follows:

#Pipistrellus subflavus clarus new subspecies#

_Type._--Female, adult, skin and skull; No. 48270, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist.; 2 mi. W Jimenez, el. 850 ft., Coahuila; 19 June 1952; obtained by Rollin H. Baker, original No. 2062.

_Range._--Known from northern Coahuila and adjacent parts of southwestern Texas.

_Diagnosis._--Size large (see measurements); upper parts pale, near (_c_) Cinnamon-Buff (capitalized color term after Ridgway, Color Standards and Color Nomenclature, Washington, D. C., 1912); skull large; zygomata expanded laterally.

_Comparisons._--Compared with _Pipistrellus subflavus subflavus_ (specimens from Marshall Hall in Maryland, Raleigh in North Carolina, and Barber County in Kansas) _P. s. clarus_ is paler, of approximately equal size, and has the zygomata slightly more expanded laterally. From _Pipistrellus subflavus veracrucis_ (Ward), specimens from 4 km. E Las Vigas, el. 8500 ft., Veracruz, _P. s. clarus_ differs in being larger, paler, and in having a larger skull.

_Remarks._--_Pipistrellus subflavus clarus_ is the palest subspecies of the eastern pipistrelle. Of the specimens assigned to _clarus_ (all taken in May and June), only two are sufficiently dark to compare favorably with examples of typical _subflavus_. A specimen (KU 60296) assigned to _P. s. subflavus_ from Rancho Pano Ayuctle, el. 300 ft., 6 mi. N Gomez Farias, Tamaulipas, is much darker than _clarus_. A specimen recorded from Devils River, Texas, by V. Bailey (N. Amer. Fauna, 25:211, October 24, 1905) has not been examined by me but presumably is _P. s. clarus_.

_Pipistrellus subflavus clarus_ was taken along the Rio San Diego and the Rio Sabinas, both tributaries of the Rio Grande, where park-like stands of pecan, cypress, willow and other trees bordered these streams. The species was not found at stock ponds or along stream courses in adjacent places where such trees were absent. Funds for financing field work were made available by the Kansas University Endowment Association and the National Science Foundation.

_Measurements._--Measurements of the holotype and average and extreme measurements of 5 adult females from the type locality, including the holotype, are, respectively, as follows: Total length, 85, 88.0 (85-92); length of tail vertebrae, 43, 40.8 (36-45); length of hind foot, 9, 9.4 (8.5-11); height of ear from notch, 12, 12.6 (12-13); length of forearm, 33.8, 33.4 (32.9-33.8); length of tibia, 14.8, 14.6 (14.5-14.8); greatest length of skull, 13.3, 13.1 (12.7-13.3); condylobasal length, 12.6, 12.4 (12.1-12.6); breadth of braincase, 7.0, 6.8 (6.7-7.0); zygomatic breadth, 8.1, 8.0 (7.8-8.2); mastoid breadth, 7.1, 6.9 (6.5-7.1); length maxillary tooth-row, 4.5, 4.5 (4.4-4.6).

_Specimens examined._--Those from Texas are in the collection of the United States National Museum, and those from Coahuila are in University of Kansas Museum of Natural History. Total, 21. TEXAS: Comstock, 1; Del Rio, 2. COAHUILA: 2 mi. W Jimenez, 850 ft., 15; 2 mi. S and 3 mi. E San Juan de Sabinas, 1160 ft., 3.

_Transmitted August 23, 1954._


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