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A Smaller history of Greece by Sir William Smith

Many words in the printed text have accents, etc. which have been omitted. Dipthongs have been expanded into two letters.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I . . Geography of Greece.

CHAPTER II . . Origin of the Greeks, and the Heroic Age.

CHAPTER III . . General Survey of the Greek People. National Institutions.

CHAPTER IV . . Early History of Peloponnesus and Sparta to the end of the Messenian Wars, B.C. 668.

CHAPTER V . . Early History of Athens down to the Establishment of Democracy by Clisthenes, B.C. 510.

CHAPTER VI . . The Greek Colonies.

CHAPTER VII . . The Persian Wars.--From the Ionic Revolt to the Battle of Marathon, B.C. 500-490.

CHAPTER VIII . . The Persian Wars.--The Battles of Thermopylae Salamis, and Plataea, B.C. 480-479.

CHAPTER IX . . From the end of the Persian Wars to the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, B.C. 479-431.

CHAPTER X . . Athens in the time of Pericles.

CHAPTER XI . . The Peloponnesian War.--First Period, from the commencement of the War to the Peace of Nicias, B.C. 431-421.

CHAPTER XII . . The Peloponnesian War.--Second Period, from the Peace of Nicias to the Defeat of the Athenians in Sicily, B.C. 421-413.

CHAPTER XIII . . The Peloponnesian War.--Third Period, from the Sicilian Expedition to the end of the War, B.C. 413-404.

CHAPTER XIV . . The Thiry Tyrants, and the death of Socrates, B.C. 404-399.

CHAPTER XV . . The Expedition of the Greeks under Cyrus, and Retreat of the Ten Thousand, B.C. 401-400.

CHAPTER XVI . . The Supremacy of Sparta, B.C. 404-371.

CHAPTER XVII . . The Supremacy of Thebes, B.C. 371-361.

CHAPTER XVIII . . History of the Sicilian Greeks from the Destruction of the Athenian Armament to the Death of Timoleon.

CHAPTER XIX . . Phillip of Macedon, B.C. 359-336.

CHAPTER XX . . Alexander the Great, B.C. 336-323.

CHAPTER XXI . . From the Death of Alexander the Great to the Conquest of Greece by the Romans, B.C. 323-146.

CHAPTER XXII . . Sketch of the History of Greek Literature from the Earliest Times to the Reign of Alexander the Great.

CHAPTER I.

GEOGRAPHY OF GREECE.

Greece is the southern portion of a great peninsula of Europe, washed on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea. It is bounded on the north by the Cambunian mountains, which separate it from Macedonia. It extends from the fortieth degree of latitude to the thirty-sixth, its greatest length being not more than 250 English miles, and its greatest breadth only 180. Its surface is considerably less than that of Portugal. This small area was divided among a number of independent states, many of them containing a territory of only a few square miles, and none of them larger than an English county. But the heroism and genius of the Greeks have given an interest to the insignificant spot of earth bearing their name, which the vastest empires have never equalled.


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