free ebooks
A Short History of Spain by Mary Platt Parmele

A SHORT HISTORY OF SPAIN

BY

MARY PLATT PARMELE

ILLUSTRATED

NEW YORK CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS 1906

COPYRIGHT, 1898, BY MARY PLATT PARMELE

COPYRIGHT, 1898, 1906, BY CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

[Illustration: From the portrait by Titian. Charles V.]

PREFACE.

In presenting this book to the public the author can only reiterate what she has already said in works of a similar kind: that she has tried to exclude the mass of confusing details which often make the reading of history a dreary task; and to keep closely to those facts which are vital to the unfolding of the narrative. This is done under a strong conviction that the essential facts in history are those which reveal and explain the development of a nation, rather than the incidents, more or less entertaining, which have attended such development. And also under another conviction: that a little, thoroughly comprehended, is better than much imperfectly remembered and understood.

M.P.P

NEW YORK. _June 15, 1898._

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I. Ancient Iberia--The Basques--The Keltberians--The Phenicians--Cadiz Founded, 1

CHAPTER II. Struggle between Phenicians and Assyrians--Founding of Carthage--Decline of Phenicia--Rise of Roman Power--First Punic War, 9

CHAPTER III. Hamilcar--Hannibal--Siege and Fall of Saguntum--Rome Invades Spain--Scipio's Policy--Cadiz, (Gades) Surrendered to the Romans--By What Steps IBERIA Became SPAIN--Fall of Carthaginian Power--How Spain Became a Roman Province, 15

CHAPTER IV. Sertorius--Story of the White Hind--Rome Fights Her Own Battles on Spanish Soil--Battle of Munda--Caesar Declared Dictator--The Ides of March--Octavius Augustus--Spain Latinized--Four Hundred Years of Peace, 24

CHAPTER V. Northern Races in the History of Civilization--Roman Empire Expiring--Ataulfus--Attila and the Huns--Theodoric--Evaric Completes Conquest of Spanish Peninsula--Europe Teutonized--Difference between Anglo-Saxon and Latin Races, 30

CHAPTER VI. Ulfilas--Arianism--The Spanish Language--Brunhilde--Leovigild--His Son's Apostasy--Arianism Ceases to be the Established Religion of Spain, 39

CHAPTER VII. Toledo--Church of Santa Maria--Wamba, 45

CHAPTER VIII. Decline of Visigoths--Roderick--Count Julian's Treachery--Mahommedanism--Tarif--Prophecy Found in the Enchanted Tower--Tarik--Roderick's Defeat and Death--Moslem Empire Established in Spain, 50

CHAPTER IX. Musa's Dream of European Conquest--Charles Martel--Characteristics of Mahommedan Rule--Mission of the Saracen in Europe--The Germ of a Christian Kingdom in the North of Spain, 58

CHAPTER X. Pelayo and the Cave of Covadonga--Alfonso I.--Berbers and Arabs at War on African Coast--War Extends to Spain--The Omeyyad Khalifs Superseded by the Abbasides--Abd-er-Rahman--Omeyyad Dynasty Established at Cordova--Ineffectual Attempt of the Abbasides to Overthrow Abd-er-Rahman--Character of This Conqueror, 64


eBook Search
Social Sharing
Share Button
About us

freefictionbooks.org is a collection of free ebooks that can be read online. Ebooks are split into pages for easier reading and better bookmarking.

We have more than 35,000 free books in our collection and are adding new books daily.

We invite you to link to us, so as many people as possible can enjoy this wonderful free website.

© 2010-2013 freefictionbooks.org - All Rights Reserved.

Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us