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Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio vol. II (of

' TYLOR'S Primitive Culture


DREAMS.

"The distinction so easily made by us between our life in dreams and our real life, is one which the savage recognises in but a vague way; and he cannot express even that distinction which he perceives. When he awakes, and to those who have seen him lying quietly asleep, describes where he has been, and what he has done, his rude language fails to state the difference between seeing and dreaming that he saw, doing and dreaming that he did. From this inadequacy of his language it not only results that he cannot truly represent this difference to others, but also that he cannot truly represent it to himself."--SPENCER'S ESSAYS. Vol. iii., pp. 103, 104.

SHADE OR SHADOW.

"The ghost or phantasm seen by the dreamer or the visionary is an unsubstantial form, like a shadow, and thus the familiar term of the _shade_ comes in to express the soul. Thus the Tasmanian word for the shadow is also that for the spirit; the Algonquin Indians describe a man's soul as _otahchuk_, 'his shadow;' the Quiche language uses _natub_ for 'shadow, soul;' the Arawac _ueja_ means 'shadow, soul, image;' the Abipones made the one word _loakal_ serve for 'shadow, soul, echo, image.'"--TYLOR'S _Primitive Culture_. Vol. i., p. 430.

SHADOW.

"Thus the dead in Purgatory knew that Dante was alive when they saw that, unlike theirs, his

figure cast a shadow on the ground."--TYLOR'S _Primitive Culture_. Vol. i., p. 431.

THE SOUL.

"The savage, conceiving a corpse to be deserted by the active personality who dwelt in it, conceives this active personality to be still existing, and his feelings and ideas concerning it form the basis of his superstitions."--SPENCER'S ESSAYS. Vol. iii., p. 103.--_The Origin of Animal Worship._

TRANSMIGRATION.

"Whether the Buddhists receive the full Hindu doctrine of the migration of the individual soul from birth to birth, or whether they refine away into metaphysical subtleties the notion of continued personality, they do consistently and systematically hold that a man's life in former existences is the cause of his now being what he is, while at this moment he is accumulating merit or demerit whose result will determine his fate in future lives."--TYLOR'S _Primitive Culture_. Vol. ii., p. 12.

TRANSMIGRATION.

"Memory, it is true, fails generally to recall these past births, but memory, as we know, stops short of the beginning even of this present life."--TYLOR'S _Primitive Culture_. Vol. ii., p. 12.

TRANSMIGRATION.

"As for believers, savage or civilised, in the great doctrine of metempsychosis, these not only consider that an animal may have a soul, but that this soul may have inhabited a human being, and thus the creature may be in fact their own ancestor or once familiar friend."--TYLOR'S _Primitive Culture_. Vol. i., p. 469.

TREE-SOULS.

"Orthodox Buddhism decided against the tree-souls, and consequently against the scruple to harm them, declaring trees to have no mind nor sentient principle, though admitting that certain dewas or spirits do reside in the body of trees, and speak from within them."--TYLOR'S _Primitive Culture_. Vol. i., p. 475.


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