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Zionism and Anti-Semitism by Gottheil and Nordau

ZIONISM

_and_

ANTI-SEMITISM

_Zionism_

AND

_Anti-Semitism_

BY

MAX NORDAU

AND

GUSTAV GOTTHEIL

NEW YORK FOX, DUFFIELD & COMPANY 1905

_Copyright 1902_ _FREDERICK A. RICHARDSON_

_Copyright 1903_ _SCOTT-THAW COMPANY_

_Copyright 1905_ _By FOX, DUFFIELD & COMPANY_

CONTENTS

PAGE

ZIONISM. _By Max Nordau_ 9

ANTI-SEMITISM IN EUROPE _By Gustav Gottheil._ 47

ZIONISM

BY

MAX NORDAU

ZIONISM

Among the persons of the educated classes who follow with any attention all the more important movements of the times, it would now be difficult to find one to whom the word "Zionism" is quite unknown. People are generally aware that it describes an idea and a movement that in the last years has found numerous adherents among the Jews of all countries, but especially among those of the East. Comparatively few, however, both among the Gentiles and the Jews themselves, have a perfectly clear notion of the aims and ways of Zionism; the Gentiles, because they do not care sufficiently for Jewish affairs to take the trouble to inform themselves at first hand as to the particulars; the Jews, because they are intentionally led astray by the enemies of Zionism, by lies and calumnies, or because even among the fervent Zionists there are not many who have probed the whole Zionist idea to the bottom, and are willing or able to present it in a clear and comprehensible fashion, without exaggeration and polemical heat.

I will endeavor to furnish readers of good faith, who are not biased, and have no other interest than that of gaining authentic information about a phenomenon in contemporary history, as concisely and soberly as possible with all the facts, as they really are, not as they are reflected in muddled brains, or distorted and falsified by calumniators.

I.

Zionism is a new word for a very old object, in so far as it merely expresses the yearning of the Jewish people for Zion. Since the destruction of the second temple by Titus, since the dispersion of the Jewish nation in all countries, this people has not ceased to long intensely, and hope fervently, for the return to the lost land of their fathers. This yearning for, and hope in, Zion on the part of the Jews was the concrete, I might say, the geographical, aspect of their Messianic faith, which in its turn forms an essential part of their religion.


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