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Zoonomia, Vol. I by Erasmus Darwin

ZOONOMIA;

OR,

THE LAWS

OF

ORGANIC LIFE.

VOL. I.

_By ERASMUS DARWIN, M.D. F.R.S._

AUTHOR OF THE BOTANIC GARDEN.

* * * * *

Principio coelum, ac terras, camposque liquentes, Lucentemque globum lunae, titaniaque astra, Spiritus intus alit, totamque infusa per artus Mens agitat molem, et magno se corpore miscet.--VIRG. AEn. vi.

Earth, on whose lap a thousand nations tread, And Ocean, brooding his prolific bed, Night's changeful orb, blue pole, and silvery zones, Where other worlds encircle other suns, One Mind inhabits, one diffusive Soul Wields the large limbs, and mingles with the whole.

* * * * *

_THE SECOND EDITION, CORRECTED._

* * * * *

LONDON: PRINTED FOR. J. JOHNSON, IN ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD. 1796.

Entered at Stationers' Hall.

* * * * *

DEDICATION.

To the candid and ingenious Members of the College of Physicians, of the Royal Philosophical Society, of the Two Universities, and to all those, who study the Operations of the Mind as a Science, or who practice Medicine as a Profession, the subsequent Work is, with great respect, inscribed by the Author,

DERBY, May 1, 1794.

CONTENTS.

_Preface._ SECT. I. _Of Motion._ II. _Explanations and Definitions._ III. _The Motions of the Retina demonstrated by Experiments._ IV. _Laws of Animal Causation._ V. _Of the four Faculties or Motions of the Sensorium._ VI. _Of the four Classes of Fibrous Motions._ VII. _Of Irritative Motions._ VIII. _Of Sensitive Motions._ IX. _Of Voluntary Motions._ X. _Of Associate Motions._ XI. _Additional Observations on the Sensorial Powers._ XII. _Of Stimulus, Sensorial Exertion, and Fibrous Contraction._ XIII. _Of Vegetable Animation._ XIV. _Of the Production of Ideas._ XV. _Of the Classes of Ideas._ XVI. _Of Instinct._ XVII. _The Catenation of Animal Motions._ XVIII. _Of Sleep._ XIX. _Of Reverie._ XX. _Of Vertigo._ XXI. _Of Drunkenness._ XXII. _Of Propensity to Motion. Repetition. Imitation._ XXIII. _Of the Circulatory System._ XXIV. _Of the Secretion of Saliva, and of Tears. And of the Lacrymal Sack._ XXV. _Of the Stomach and Intestines._ XXVI. _Of the Capillary Glands, and of the Membranes._ XXVII. _Of Hemorrhages._ XXVIII. _The Paralysis of the Lacteals._ XXIX. _The Retrograde Motions of the Absorbent Vessels._ XXX. _The Paralysis of the Liver._ XXXI. _Of Temperaments._ XXXII. _Diseases of Irritation._ XXXIII. ---- _of Sensation._ XXXIV. ---- _of Volition._ XXXV. ---- _of Relation._ XXXVI. _The Periods of Diseases._ XXXVII. _Of Digestion, Secretion, Nutrition._ XXXVIII. _Of the Oxygenation of the Blood in the Lungs and Placenta._ XXXIX. _Of Generation._ XL. _Of Ocular Spectra._

* * * * *

TO

ERASMUS DARWIN,


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